Our People - Roland Edgerton Valentine
203996 Private Roland Edgerton Valentine
1st / 9th Battalion, King's (Liverpool Regiment).
Killed in Action 31 May 1917, aged 19.
British War Medal, Victory Medal
Buried at Potijze Burial Ground Cemetery, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Ref. AA.2.
Leyland - Church Road Civic Memorial
Leyland - Wesleyan Methodist Church WW1 Roll of Honour
Leyland - St.Andrews C.E. WW1 Plaque
Lostock Hall - South Ribble Civic WW1 Memorial
British War Medal, Victory Medal
If you have a picture or more information about this man, please contact us
Frederick Oswald Valentine and Elizabeth Ann Openshaw were aged 27 and 28 respectively when they were married at Christ Church, Adlington on 18 October 1892. Frederick was a painter and decorator and Elizabeth was a housekeeper. Their first child, Margaret Alice, was born 12 November 1893 and baptised 11 February 1894 at Adlington. They had one other child - a brother for Margaret, Roland Edgerton, born 16 May 1898 in Leyland and baptised at St. Ambrose, Leyland 10 July 1898.
From the records, it would appear that Elizabeth died in 1900. The 1901 census shows Frederick and his young family living with his mother Frances, 59, and his sister Alice, 25 at 11 Newsholme Street in Leyland. Frederick was still working as a house painter.
By 1911, Frederick and his children were still with his mum at 11 Meadow Street, Leyland. Frederick was carrying on his painting and decorating and Margaret was a rubber worker. Roland was studying at school.
No service record survives for Roland, but assuming that he did not join the services under-age, he would have been called up shortly after his eighteenth birthday on 16 May 1916. He joined 1/9th Battalion the Kings (Liverpool Regiment). He was killed in action at the Battle of Pilckem Ridge, the opening attack of the Battle of Passcendaele (3rd Ypres). We are fortunate in that the War Diary is extremely detailed for this day and we can only imagine what Roland and his comrades went through. As one might expect, the first day of the Battle of Passchendaele was an extremely busy one. The 1/9th Battalion War Diary is very detailed and like most War Diaries it is handwritten in pencil - some of which is very faint. Where I cannot read a particular word I have inserted a question mark rather than second guess the writer.
Roland was awarded the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. His effects of £1 7s. 9d. were authorised 26 November 1917 and paid to his father, and a War Gratuity was authorised 3 November 1919 and also paid to his father.
Please email the project with any amendments or corrections
Edited 29 December 2016
The Leyland Parish News for September 1917 gives his date of death as 2 August 1917, while the Register of Soldiers Effects gives date of death as between 31 July 1917 and 2 August 1917, which are the recognised dates for this battle. I have, however gone with the Commonwealth War Graves and other records.
1901 Census of England via Ancestry.co.uk / 1911 Census of England via Ancestry.co.uk / UK, WWI Service Medal and Award Rolls, 1914-1920 via Ancestry.co.uk / British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920 via Ancestry.co.uk / Commonwealth War Graves Commission / Lancashire, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1911 via Ancestry.co.uk / Lancashire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1936 via Ancestry.co.uk / 1/9th Battalion King's (Liverpool Regiment) War Diaries via Ancestry.co.uk / Forces War Records